SAFE OPERATING PRACTICES
Construction Site Safety

Hazard Review
Moving Equipment Slip, Trip and Fall Open Excavations
Overhead Loads Explosives Traffic
Hostile Irate Clients


The purpose of this SOP is to identify imminent danger situations or hazardous operations that can occur at  construction site projects and client sites where construction activities may be occurring. Contractors performing construction work under contract to NCDENR, as well as  construction worksites where DENR employees provide consultative services and inspections are required to comply with all applicable provisions of the North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the Construction Industry. The following safety issues must be noted and where applicable complied with by those involved.

DENR Employee Awareness
  • DENR employees who work on or around construction sites shall be made aware of these and any other division/office/program construction site specific plans and safety issues by their respective management.

Basic Precautionary Safety Measures for Construction Sites
  • Conduct a hazard assessment upon arrival.
  • Ensure that you park in an area that minimizes the need to back.
  • Wear appropriate personal protective equipment consistent with the hazard, i.e., visibility, noise, dust.
  • Avoid walking and working under suspended loads. Hard hats must be worn when working in proximity to backhoes, cranes, excavators, etc.
  • Note changing conditions in the area around where you are working and adjust your work as necessary.
  • Wear proper clothing consistent with the site conditions, weather and temperature.

Corrective Action
 For corrective action when the contractor is non compliant in these safety areas, refer to the contract, and/or your division/office/program's guidelines concerning what action you need to take to notify your management.


Safety Areas Required Actions

Fall Protection
  • Safety railing meeting the requirements of 1926.451 is required on all substructure and superstructure false work more than 4' above the ground. 
  • On operations more than 6' above the ground where the use of other fall protective measures is impractical, fall protection shall consist of the use of harnesses and lanyards. (Effective 1/1/98, safety belts can no longer be used as fall protection, but can be used as positioning devices.)
Crane Safety
  • Lifting hooks shall be equipped with operable safety latches. 
  • All accessible areas within the swing area of the rotating superstructure of the crane shall be blocked out. 
  • When used to hoist personnel, the personnel basket shall meet OSHA requirements. Cranes shall be equipped with controlled load lowering and a two block damage prevention devices.
Equipment
  • All equipment with an obstructed view to the rear shall be equipped with an audible backup alarm or a "spotter" shall be utilized when operated in the reverse mode.
Excavation Protective Systems
  • Protective systems meeting the requirements of 1926.652 shall be used on all excavations, such as pipe trench (storm drain, under drain, and utility), undercut, drainage structure, boring, foundation, and retaining wall.

Related SOPs
General SOPs - Chapter 25 Various Inspection SOPs-- Chapter 26b
Excavating, Trenching and Shoring -- 26e
Equipment SOPs -- Chapter 27a
26b-